Adrijana Car – Thomas Jekel – Josef Strobl – Gerald Griesebner (Eds.)


GI_Forum 2018, Volume 6, Issue 2

Journal for Geographic Information Science


ISSN 2308-1708
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8447-8
Online Edition
doi:10.1553/giscience2018_02_
GI_Forum 2018,  Volume 6,  Issue 2 
 
Open access


Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at

GI_Forum publishes high quality original research across the transdisciplinary field of Geographic Information Science (GIScience). The journal provides a platform for dialogue among GI-Scientists and educators, technologists and critical thinkers in an ongoing effort to advance the field and ultimately contribute to the creation of an informed GISociety. Submissions concentrate on innovation in education, science, methodology and technologies in the spatial domain and their role towards a more just, ethical and sustainable science and society. GI_Forum implements the policy of open access publication after a double-blind peer review process through a highly international team of seasoned scientists for quality assurance. Special emphasis is put on actively supporting young scientists through formative reviews of their submissions. Only English language contributions are published.

Starting 2016, GI_Forum publishes two issues a Year.
Joumal Information is available at: GI-Forum
GI_Forum is listed on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

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GI_Forum 2018, Volume 6, Issue 2

ISSN 2308-1708
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8447-8
Online Edition



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doi:10.1553/giscience2018_02_s21


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Thema: geography
Adrijana Car – Thomas Jekel – Josef Strobl – Gerald Griesebner (Eds.)


GI_Forum 2018, Volume 6, Issue 2

Journal for Geographic Information Science


ISSN 2308-1708
Online Edition

ISBN 978-3-7001-8447-8
Online Edition
doi:10.1553/giscience2018_02_
GI_Forum 2018,  Volume 6,  Issue 2 
 
Open access


Michael Märker , Michael Bolus
S.  21 - 38
doi:10.1553/giscience2018_02_s21

Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften


doi:10.1553/giscience2018_02_s21
Abstract:
In this paper we present a unique spatial dataset of Neandertal sites in Europe. Information on topographic locations with human fossils was collected in the course of our own work and from a comprehensive literature review. The fossils are classified into Pre-Neandertals, Early Neandertals and Classic Neandertals. Based on this dataset, we explored the environmentally constrained site-selection criteria of Neandertals. The site locations are described by topographic indices giving information on climatic, strategic and water-related criteria on which Neandertals may have based their site selection. We applied two different explorative statistical approaches for the three Neandertal fossil classes, deriving robust and consistent results for Early and Classic Neandertals. However, because of the nature and size of the response variables showing a certain heterogeneity and due to landscape dynamics, which might have occurred in the observed periods, we focus on the overall trends that the data show. The study reveals that Early and Classic Neandertals not only show specific spatial distributions but are also characterized by different environmental preferences. Both models reproduce the particular site preferences for Early and Classic Neandertals, which demonstrate a higher relevance of climatic issues for the Early Neandertals and a pronounced strategic component for the Classic Neandertals. Additionally, the methodology allows for a spatial prognosis of occurrence probabilities for Neandertal sites. External validation using a spatial artefact dataset for the German Middle Paleolithic shows generally good agreement.

Keywords:  explorative data analysis, Neandertal sites, terrain analysis, boosted regression trees, maximum entropy
Published Online:  2018/12/10 07:38:39
Object Identifier:  0xc1aa5576 0x003a1fc7

GI_Forum publishes high quality original research across the transdisciplinary field of Geographic Information Science (GIScience). The journal provides a platform for dialogue among GI-Scientists and educators, technologists and critical thinkers in an ongoing effort to advance the field and ultimately contribute to the creation of an informed GISociety. Submissions concentrate on innovation in education, science, methodology and technologies in the spatial domain and their role towards a more just, ethical and sustainable science and society. GI_Forum implements the policy of open access publication after a double-blind peer review process through a highly international team of seasoned scientists for quality assurance. Special emphasis is put on actively supporting young scientists through formative reviews of their submissions. Only English language contributions are published.

Starting 2016, GI_Forum publishes two issues a Year.
Joumal Information is available at: GI-Forum
GI_Forum is listed on the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)



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Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften
Austrian Academy of Sciences Press
A-1011 Wien, Dr. Ignaz Seipel-Platz 2
Tel. +43-1-515 81/DW 3402-3406, Fax +43-1-515 81/DW 3400
https://verlag.oeaw.ac.at, e-mail: verlag@oeaw.ac.at